• Case Study: DOGSO or No?

    Manchester United defender Chris Smalling can consider himself a lucky boy for not being sent off by Andre Marriner for denying a goal scoring opportunity.

  • Case Study: Four Decisions in 10 Seconds

    Mark Halsey was the man in the middle in a recent Premier League match between Chelsea FC and Sunderland AFC. Early in the match, a sequence of events occurred that required a series of quick decisions from the referee crew. Decision #1 occurred when Chelsea midfielder Moses was fouled at midfield while facing his own…

  • Case Study: In Praise of Mark Geiger's Olympic Send-Off

    Case Study # 1-2012 Date 26 Jul 2012 Competition Olympic Men’s Football Group Stage Fixture/Result Spain 0 – 1 Japan Referee/Badge Mark Geiger (USA), FIFA At Issue A confident decision to send off Spain defender Inigo Martinez is facilitated by Geiger’s mastery of fundamentals I don’t normally comment on the peformance of professional level referees…